When hyperacidity strikes, most of us will go to the nearest pharmacy to buy over-the-counter (OTC) antacids. Stomach acidity are reduced with these OTC hyperacidity treatments. However, if symptoms persist and were accompanied by severe pain in the stomach, it would be best to consult a physician to know the best treatment or therapy that suits you best.
Today, there are different types of medicines available to treat stomach acidity. They are categorized as either (1) antacids (2) H2 blockers and (3) proton pump inhibitor or (PPI).
Antacids come in the form of magnesium hydroxide (such as Milk of Magnesia) or aluminum hydroxide. They can be bought even without prescription and works to simply neutralize the level of acidity in the stomach. Antacids work fast and is therefore best if you need immediate relief from hyperacidity.
However, if your condition persisted and you were already suffering from painful hearburn due to high level of acidity in the stomach, your doctor may recommend “stronger” acidity medicines such as H2 blockers or PPI. Zantac (Ranitidine) is the most known H2 blocker which works by decreasing production of acid.
And if H2 blocker decreases production of acid, PPI totally inhibits production of gastric acid for a long period of time. Prevacid and Prilosec are the two most known PPI. Proton pump inhibitor are considered as the most effective and safest hyperacidity treatment to date.
Researches show that H2 blockers and proton pump inhibitors are the best hyperacidity treatments, especially if the stomach and the esophagus were inflamed and ulcerous. The decrease (in case of H2 blockers) or absence (in case of PPI) of gastric acidity for a longer period of time allows the ulcers to heal and antibiotics — for H. Pylori caused stomach ulcers — to work efficiently.